Fdinfo engine

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Masters and slaves

  1. A file may be referred by several file descriptors. The descriptors may belong to a single process or to several processes.
  2. Group of descriptors referring to the same file is called shared. One of them called master, others are slaves.
  3. Every descriptor is discribed via struct fdinfo_list_entry.
  4. Shared file descriptors are distributed between tasks using scm_rights. See send_fds() and receive_fds() for the details.

Per-process files restore

Every file types is described via structure file_desc. We sequentially call file_desc::ops::open(struct file_desc *d, int *new_fd) method for every master file of a process until all masters are restored. The open methods may return three values:

  • 0 -- restore of the master file is successefuly finished;
  • 1 -- restore is in progress or it can't be started yet, because of it depends on another files, so the method should be called once again;
  • -1 -- restore failed.

Right after a file is open at first time, the open method must return fd value in new_fd argument. This allows the common code to send this master to other processes to reopen the master as a slave as soon as possible. The same time, returning of not-negative new_fd does not mean, that the master is restored. The open() callback may return not-negative new_fd and "1" as return value at the same time.

Example. Restore of connected unix socket by open() method.

  • 1)Open a socket, write its file descriptor to new_fd and return 1.
  • 2)Check if peer socket is open and bound. If it's not so, then return 1 and repeat step "2" in next time.
  • 3)Connect to the peer and return 0.

Note: it's also possible to go to step "2" right after new_fd is written.