Fdinfo engine

Revision as of 15:34, 25 April 2017 by Ktkhai (talk | contribs)
Jump to: navigation, search

Masters and slaves

  1. A file may be referred by several file descriptors. The descriptors may belong to a single process or to several processes.
  2. Group of descriptors referring to the same file is called shared. One of the descriptors is named master, others are slaves.
  3. Every descriptor is discribed via struct fdinfo_list_entry (fle).
  4. One process opens a master fle of a file, while other processes, sharing the file, obtain it using scm_rights. See send_fds() and receive_fds() for the details.

Per-process files restore

Every file types is described via structure file_desc. We sequentially call file_desc::ops::open(struct file_desc *d, int *new_fd) method for every master file of a process until all masters are restored. The open methods may return three values:

  • 0 -- restore of the master file is successefuly finished;
  • 1 -- restore is in progress or it can't be started yet, because of it depends on another files, so the method should be called once again;
  • -1 -- restore failed.

Right after a file is open at first time, the open method must return fd value in new_fd argument. This allows the common code to send this master to other processes to reopen the master as a slave as soon as possible. The same time, returning of not-negative new_fd does not mean, that the master is restored. The open() callback may return not-negative new_fd and "1" as return value at the same time.

Example. Restore of connected unix socket by open() method.

  • 1)Open a socket, write its file descriptor to new_fd and return 1.
  • 2)Check if peer socket is open and bound. If it's not so, then return 1 and repeat step "2" in next time.
  • 3)Connect to the peer and return 0.

Note: it's also possible to go to step "2" right after new_fd is written.

The peer, which bind() the socket waits in "2", must notify the socket, when it is bound:

  • 1)bind(<peer name>);
  • 2)set_fds_event(<socket pid>);


  1. Slave TTY can only be created after respective master peer are restored. But now we wait even more -- till all masters are restored.
  2. CTTY must be created after all other TTYs are restored. For all tty dependencies see tty_deps_restored() for the details.
  3. Epoll can be created in any time, but it can add a fd in its polling list, after the corresponding fle is completely restored. The only exception is a epoll listening other epoll. In this case we wait till listened fle is just created (not restored). See epoll_not_ready_tfd().
  4. Unix socket must wait a peer before connect to it. See peer_is_not_prepared() for the details.
  5. TCP sockets have a counter on address use.
  6. Implementing a new relationships between fle stages, check, that you are not introducing a circular dependence (with existing).


  1. Pipes (and fifos), unix sockets and TTYs generate two fds in their ->open callbacls, the 2nd one can conflict with some other fd the task restores and (!) this "2nd one" may require sending to some other task.