Here we list major project milestones.
7 Mar 2016: CRIU 2Edit
With CRIU 2 we
- Switched to monthly releases
- Introduced the devel branch
- Reworked the code structure
7 Sep 2015: 1.7, time-driven releasesEdit
Since 1.7, a new version is released every 3 months, on the first Monday of a season.
31 Dec 2013: 1.1 release candidate 1Edit
The biggest change of the 1.1 is going to be
In order to let people try the API and be able to change it if needed, we release the -rc1.
25 Nov 2013: Version 1.0 releaseEdit
Some time before this CRIU has come to a state of all the kernel support it needed hit the upstream kernel (3.11). Then the v0.7 was released and the team concentrated on the tool itself. Then there was v0.8 with RPC service, a couple of other new features and a lot of bugfixes. At some point the team has mostly developed the next chunk of changes that was planned and were ready to tag the next version.
It was decided to make it be 1.0.
"Proof of concept" stageEdit
Before 1.0 release CRIU was in the proof-of-concept state. The main goal of the project was defining the kernel API needed to make C/R real.
- 3 Jul 2013: Linus merges memory tracking patches in v3.11. At that point, CRIU becomes as functional as OpenVZ checkpoint-restore kernel code. And CRIU user-space no longer requires custom kernel to work on.
- 1 Jul 2013: V0.6
- 30 Apr 2013: V0.5
- 12 Apr 2013: Andrew Morton merges "Memory changes tracking" patches. These patches are prerequisite for such things as incremental dumps or iterative migration. We expect this memory tracker to be long-pending task, but things has happened to be simpler and faster than expected.
- 20 Feb 2013: V0.4
- 11 Dec 2012: V0.3
- 20 Sep 2012: Checkpoint-restore tool v0.2
- 23 Jul 2012: Checkpoint-restore tool v0.1
- 14 Feb 2012: Andrew Morton starts to doubt in CRIU. From https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/2/14/384:
Thus far our (my) approach has been to trickle the c/r support code into mainline as it is developed. Under the assumption that the end result will be acceptable and useful kernel code. I'm afraid that I'm losing confidence in that approach. We have this patchset, we have Stanislav's "IPC: checkpoint/restore in userspace enhancements" (which apparently needs to get more complex to support LSM context c/r). I simply *don't know* what additional patchsets are expected. And from what you told me it sounds like networking support is at a very early stage and I fear for what the end result of that will look like. So I don't feel that I can continue feeding these things into mainline until someone can convince me that we won't have a nasty mess (and/or an unsufficiently useful feature) at the end of the project.
- 12 Jan 2012: Linus merged a first wave of CRIU patches from Andrew Morton. From commit 0994695, the Andrew's quote :
- checkpoint/restart feature work. A note on this: this is a project by various mad Russians to perform c/r mainly from userspace, with various oddball helper code added into the kernel where the need is demonstrated. So rather than some large central lump of code, what we have is little bits and pieces popping up in various places which either expose something new or which permit something which is normally kernel-private to be modified. The overall project is an ongoing thing. I've judged that the size and scope of the thing means that we're more likely to be successful with it if we integrate the support into mainline piecemeal rather than allowing it all to develop out-of-tree. However I'm less confident than the developers that it will all eventually work! So what I'm asking them to do is to wrap each piece of new code inside CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE. So if it all eventually comes to tears and the project as a whole fails, it should be a simple matter to go through and delete all trace of it.
- 30 Nov 2011: CRIU name coined, dot org domain registered.
Domain Name:CRIU.ORG Created On:30-Nov-2011 12:49:39 UTC
- 20 Jul 2011: Tejun sent the ptrace-parasite example code. See "EXAMPLE CODE Parasite thread injection using PTRACE_SEIZE and friends".
- 19 Jul 2011: Jonathan Corbet wrote the article at lwn.net. See "Checkpoint/restart (mostly) in user space".
15 Jul 2011: Pavel sent initial RFC and codeEdit
From: Pavel Emelyanov Subject: [RFC][PATCH 0/7 + tools] Checkpoint/restore mostly in the userspace Date: Fri, 15 Jul 2011 17:45:10 +0400 Hi guys! There have already been made many attempts to have the checkpoint/restore functionality in Linux, but as far as I can see there's still no final solutions that suits most of the interested people. The main concern about the previous approaches as I see it was about - all that stuff was supposed to sit in the kernel thus creating various problems. I'd like to bring this subject back again proposing the way of how to implement c/r mostly in the userspace with the reasonable help of a kernel. That said, I propose to start with very basic set of objects to c/r that can work with * x86_64 tasks (subtree) which includes - registers - TLS - memory of all kinds (file and anon both shared and private) * open regular files * pipes (with data in it) Core idea: The core idea of the restore process is to implement the binary handler that can execve-ute image files recreating the register and the memory state of a task. Restoring the process tree and opening files is done completely in the user space, i.e. when restoring the subtree of processes I first fork all the tasks in respective order, then open required files and then call execve() to restore registers and memory. The checkpointing process is quite simple - all we need about processes can be read from /proc except for several things - registers and private memory. In current implementation to get them I introduce the /proc/<pid>/dump file which produces the file that can be executed by the described above binfmt. Additionally I introduce the /proc/<pid>/mfd/ dir with info about mappings. It is populated with symbolc links with names equal to vma->vm_start and pointing to mapped files (including anon shared which are tmpfs ones). Thus we can open some task's /proc/<pid>/mfd/<address> link and find out the mapped file inode (to check for sharing) and if required map one and read the contents of anon shared memory. Other minor stuff is in patches and mostly tools. The set is for linux-2.6.39. The current implementation is not yet well tested and has many other defects, but demonstrates the idea. What do you think? Does the support from kernel of the proposed type suit us? Thanks, Pavel