How to submit patches
Setting up working enviroment
Although criu could be run as non-root (see Security), development is better to be done as root. For example, some tests require root. So, it would be a good idea to set up some recent Linux distro on a virtual machine.
Obtaining the source code
The CRIU sources are tracked by Git SCM at https://github.com/xemul/criu repository. You either could download packed sources or use git tool itself.
For example to clone CRIU one need to type
git clone https://github.com/xemul/criu
Compiling the source code
|Note: Dependencies are listed in the Installation article.|
cd criu make
This will produce ./criu executable. As you are going to work with sources, it would come in handy to get tags by running:
|Note: It requires ctags to be installed.|
Changing the source code
When you change the source code keep in mind - we prefer tabs and indentations to be 8 characters width. Consider reading Linux kernel coding style.
Other "rules" could be learned from the source code - just make your code to look similar.
Producing a patch
There are at least two ways to make it right.
1) git format-patch
You might need to read documentation on Git SCM how to prepare patch for mail submission. Take a look on http://book.git-scm.com/ and/or http://git-scm.com/documentation for details. It should not be hard at all.
2) Use "diff -up"
diff -up or
diff -uprN to create patches.
Signing your work
To improve tracking of who did what we've introduced a "sign-off" procedure on patches that are being emailed around.
The sign-off is a simple line at the end of the explanation for the patch, which certifies that you wrote it or otherwise have the right to pass it on as a open-source patch. The rules are pretty simple: if you can certify the below:
Developer's Certificate of Origin 1.1 By making a contribution to this project, I certify that: (a) The contribution was created in whole or in part by me and I have the right to submit it under the open source license indicated in the file; or (b) The contribution is based upon previous work that, to the best of my knowledge, is covered under an appropriate open source license and I have the right under that license to submit that work with modifications, whether created in whole or in part by me, under the same open source license (unless I am permitted to submit under a different license), as indicated in the file; or (c) The contribution was provided directly to me by some other person who certified (a), (b) or (c) and I have not modified it. (d) I understand and agree that this project and the contribution are public and that a record of the contribution (including all personal information I submit with it, including my sign-off) is maintained indefinitely and may be redistributed consistent with this project or the open source license(s) involved.
then you just add a line saying
Signed-off-by: Random J Developer <random at developer.example.org>
using your real name (please, no pseudonyms or anonymous contributions if it possible).
Hint: you can use
git commit -s to add Signed-off-by line to your
commit message. To append such line to a commit you already made, use
git commit --amend -s.
An example of patch message
From: Random J Developer <random at developer.example.org> Subject: [PATCH] Short patch description Long patch description (could be skipped if patch is trivial enough) Signed-off-by: Random J Developer <random at developer.example.org> --- Patch body here
Checking patches for errors
Basic style error checking is provided by scripts/checkpatch.pl script from linux kernel source tree. You might have headers or complete sources of linux kernel at /usr/src/. Run
checkpatch.pl my_patch.patch (consider --no-tree option for headers-only)
It will produce detailed report on style problems in your patch. Make sure to fix all _errors_(some warnings may be ignored).
To check whether your patches don't harm anything run
It will launch ZDTM_Test_Suite. Check for error messages produced by it. You may also want to run other tests(rpc, libcriu, security etc) from test/ dir.
The patches should be sent to CRIU development mailing list which is located at https://openvz.org/mailman/listinfo/criu
Please make sure the email client you're using doesn't screw your patch (line wrapping and so on).
Wait for response
Be patient. Most CRIU developers are pretty busy people so if
there is no immediate response on your patch - don't be surprised,
sometimes a patch may fly around a week(s) before it get reviewed.
But definitely the patches will not go to