criu is an utility to checkpoint/restore a process tree. This page describes how to get CRIU binary on your box.
Installing from packages
Many distributions provide ready-to-use packages. If no, or the CRIU version you want is not yet there, you will need to get CRIU sources and compile it.
Obtaining CRIU sources
You can download the source code as a release tarball or sync the git repository. If you plan to modify CRIU sources (e.g. to contribute the code back) the latter way is highly recommended. The latest and greatest sources are:
|3.19 "Bronze Peacock"
|27 Nov 2023
Installing build dependencies
Compiler and C Library
CRIU is mostly written in C and the build system is based on Makefiles. Thus just install standard
make packages (on Debian use
For building with 32bit tasks C/R support you will need
libc6-dev-i386, gcc-multilib instead of
Cross-compilation for ARM is also possible.
CRIU uses the Google Protocol Buffers to read and write images. The
protoc tool is used at build time and CRIU is linked with the
libprotobuf-c.so. Also CRIT uses python bindings and the
descriptor.proto file which typically provided by a distribution's protobuf development package.
- RPM packages
protobuf protobuf-c protobuf-c-devel protobuf-compiler protobuf-devel protobuf-python
- Deb packages
libprotobuf-dev libprotobuf-c-dev protobuf-c-compiler protobuf-compiler python3-protobuf
Optionally, you may build protobuf from sources.
pkg-configto check on build library dependencies.
python-ipaddressis used by CRIT to pretty-print IP addresses and is also required by zdtm.py
libbsd-dev(DEB) If available, CRIU will be compiled with
setproctitle()support and set verbose process titles on service workers.
iproute2version 3.5.0 or higher is needed for dumping network namespaces. The latest one can be cloned from iproute2. It should be compiled and a path to ip set as the
libnftables-dev(DEB) If available, CRIU will be compiled with nftables C/R support
libcap-dev(DEB) - Require
libnet-devel libnl3-devel(RPM) /
libnl-3-dev libnet-dev(Ubuntu) - Require
libaio-dev(DEB) is needed to run tests
libgnutls28-dev(DEB), if available, CRIU will be compiled with TLS support
python3-futureis now needed for zdtm.py tests launcher
For APT use the
--no-install-recommends parameter is to avoid asciidoc pulling in a lot of dependencies.
Also read about ZDTM test suite if you will run CRIU tests, those sources need other deps.
Building the tool
make in the CRIU source directory. This is the standard way, but there are some options available.
- There's a docker-build target in Makefile which builds CRIU in Ubuntu Docker container. Just run
make docker-buildand that's it.
- CRIU has functionality that is either optional or behaves differently depending on the kernel CRIU is running on. By default build process includes maximum of it, but this behavior can be changed.
- You may specify build dependencies by hands
CRIU works perfectly even when run from the sources directory (with the
./criu/criu command), but if you want to have in standard paths run
make install. You may need to install
xmlto packages to make install-man work.
Checking That It Works
Linux kernel v3.11 or newer is required, with some specific config options turned on. Various advanced CRIU features might require even newer kernel. So the first thing to do is to check the kernel by running
criu check. At the end it should say "Looks OK", if it doesn't the messages on the screen explain what functionality is missing. If your distribution does not provide needed kernel, you might want to compile one yourself.
You can then try running the ZDTM Test Suite which sits in the