Parasite code

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Overview

Parasite code is a binary blob of code built in PIE format for execution inside another process address space. As result in a sake of simplicity parasite code utilize native system calls only.

Running the parasite

Injection of a parasite code may be spitted into two phases

  1. preparation of a victim task
  2. injection itself

During preparation stage we move a victim into that named seized state with help of prctl system call (in this state the victim does not recognize that it is being manipulated by someone). Once seized we substitute current CS:IP code with mmap system call allocating shared memory space needed to carry parasite blob.

Parasite code injection is simple: because we have a shared memory slab allocated inside victim space we can scan /proc/$pid/map_files/ directory and open this slab inside CRIU address space. Once opened we simply copy parasite code there with memcpy.

At this moment we can run parasite code adjusting CS:IP of the victim and call prctl again. After that parasite is spinning listening the socket for commands from outside world.

Parasite internal structure

Internally parasite code is represented as two blocks

  1. a head written in assembly language
  2. a body written in C language

Parasite head

Parasite head lives in parasite-head.S file and simply prepares the own stack (nipping off a few bytes) and literally calls for body execution. Once main body execution is complete we simply call the cpu trap thus CRIU can intercept this moment and cure the victim restoring its original code contents.

Parasite body

Parasite body lives in pie/parasite.c file and as file extension implies is written in pure C language.