Parasite code is a binary blob of code built in PIE format for execution inside another process address space. As result in a sake of simplicity parasite code utilize native system calls only.
Running the parasite
Injection of a parasite code may be splitted into two phases
- preparation of a victim task
- injection itself
During preparation stage we move a victim into that named seized state with help of prctl system call (in this state the victim does not recognize that it is being manipulated by someone). Once seized we substitute current code at IP (instruction pointer) with mmap system call allocating a shared memory space needed to carry a parasite blob.
Parasite code injection itself is pretty simple: because we have a shared memory slab allocated inside a victim space we can scan
/proc/$pid/map_files/ directory and open this slab inside CRIU address space. Once opened we simply copy parasite code there with memcpy.
At this moment we can run parasite code adjusting IP of the victim and call prctl again. After that parasite is spinning listening the socket for commands from outside world.
Parasite internal structure
Internally parasite code is represented as two blocks
- a bootstrap written in assembly language
- a daemon written in C language
Parasite bootstrap lives in
parasite-head.S file and simply prepares the own stack (nipping off a few bytes) and literally calls for body execution. Once main body execution is complete we simply call the cpu trap thus CRIU can intercept this moment and cure the victim restoring its original code contents.
Parasite daemon lives in
pie/parasite.c file and as file extension implies is written in pure C language. The entry point is
parasite_service, which simply opens unix socket and reads the command to service.