Difference between revisions of "Plugins"

From CRIU
Jump to: navigation, search
(Callbacks)
(Example)
Line 49: Line 49:
  
 
Here is a plugin, which is used for dumping and restoring the previous test.
 
Here is a plugin, which is used for dumping and restoring the previous test.
[[http://git.criu.org/?p=criu.git;a=blob;f=test/zdtm/live/static/criu-rtc.c;hb=HEAD criu.rtc.so]]
+
[[http://git.criu.org/?p=criu.git;a=blob;f=test/zdtm/live/static/criu-rtc.c;hb=HEAD criu-rtc.so]]

Revision as of 16:55, 21 December 2013

Introduction

Linux processes are not things-in-themselves. They tend to cooperate with other parts of the system very actively. When CRIU tries to dump a process, that has such an external connection -- it refuses to make the dump. The reason is simple -- without knowing the details of such connections it's impossible to correctly detach the process from its peer on dump and attach back on restore.

Though sometimes we can handle this (this is what --shell-job, --ext-unix-sk and --tcp-established options are about), in many cases we cannot provide generic solution.

So, in order to address this problem we make CRIU pluggable. //by xemul@

Libraries

A CRIU plugin is shared library, which is loaded before dumping or restoring.

Each library can have cr_plugin_init() and cr_plugin_fini() functions for initializing and finalizing. cr_plugin_init() can return a negative value in an error case.

Headers

The public headers have prefix "criu-". The backward compatibility of all functions, which are declared there, will be saved.

# ls include/criu-*
include/criu-log.h  include/criu-plugin.h

Images

CRIU saves images in google protocol buffer format (PB format). We recomend to use this format for plugin images too.

All images are saved in a specified directory and plugins can call criu_get_image_dir() to get the file descriptor on this directory. The file descriptor is used, because the directory can be unreachable by path. For example if processes are restored in a new mount namespace.

Callbacks

When CRIU receives an unsupported object, it enumerates callbacks until one of them doesn't return something other than -ENOSUPP. Usually callbacks returns negative code in an error case. The -ENOSUPP code is a special one. It is returned, if a callback is not suitable for the object.

A callback gets an unique identificator for a serialized object. On restore this identificator is used to request a specific object.

The CRIU tool looks up callback by their names. A library may provide any set of callbacks. All callback prototypes are defined in criu-plugins.h.

External unix sockets

A socket is external, if it's dumped without a peer. In this case some state can be hidden on another side.

The most popular example of this type of sockets is a D-Bus socket. Only D-Bus daemon knows on which events a socket is subscribed.

int cr_plugin_dump_unix_sk(int sk, int id)
int cr_plugin_restore_unix_sk(int id)

External files

External files are files, which are dumped and restored with help plugins.

int cr_plugin_dump_file(int fd, int id)
int cr_plugin_restore_file(int id)

Example

Here is a small test program, which opens /dev/rtc and sets up a timer. [RTC test]

Here is a plugin, which is used for dumping and restoring the previous test. [criu-rtc.so]