ZDTM test suite

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ZDTM stands for Zero DownTime Migration. ZDTM test suite was developed for testing how OpenVZ live migration works. CRIU also uses this test suite.

The suite consists of many small atomic tests. Each test case creates a process, puts it into some specific state (opens a file, maps a memory segment, puts data in a pipe, etc.), then asks to be checkpointed and restored. Upon restoring, it checks that the state was preserved (file is still opened, memory is still mapped, pipe contains what was put into it, etc).



Install libaio-devel (RPM) or libaio-dev (DEB). For the test launcher zdtm.py you need PyYAML (RPM) or python-yaml (DEB).

There's also a known issue with BTRFS spoiling dev_t values for files and sockets! Not all tests will work on it, so it's better to use other FS.

All zdtm tests

You can run all the tests by:

      test/zdtm.py run -a

This would run the tests in basic variation -- run the test, checkpoint, restore, check for results.

There are more variations, each is an option to the zdtm.py. Here they are:

start tests and check results, omitting checkpoint/restore steps. Used to check that the tests themselves are working.
start the test, then checkpoint it leaving the tests running, then check the results. Used to check that checkpoint itself is not destructive.
--iter <number>
start the test, then checkpoint and restore it the <number> of times. Used to check that after restore tests are in checkpoint-able state.
--pre <number>
start the test, then do a <number> of pre-dumps, then checkpoint, restore and check results. Used to check that pre-dumps work.
run tests, but dumps (and pre-dumps) will go through the page server.
run tests, but restore in a so-called sibling mode. Used by LXC and Docker.
--snaps (in conjunction with --pre)
instead of pre-dumps do full dumps
--user (only works with --norst)
check how criu works when run from non-root.


Each test can be executed in up to 3 flavors: h, ns and uns. The first is host flavor, the test is run on host and criu c/r-s it. Ns is namespace flavor, tests are run in all namespaces bu user one, criu c/r-s test with all the namespaces. The uns is usernamespace, it's like ns but with user namespace in the game.

By default tests are run on all flavors they can, but one can chose flavor with -f flavor option.

Specific tests

You can run a single test with

      zdtm.py run -t test-name

The simplest test is zdtm/static/env00. It has the bare minimal a process might have -- a little bit of memory, a signal handler and one opened file. If CRIU cannot C/R this test, it surely cannot do anything else.

You can also run only the test proggies themselves manually by issuing the

      make test-name.pid

command. After you've done c/r-ing it you should run

      make test-name.out

and check for the test-name.out file contents.

If you don't want to mess with this, you can use the zdtm.py run script. When launched with the -a option, it runs all the tests one-by-one. The exact test can be specified by a command line argument. The list command lists the tests it can run.

See also