Many of CRIU's command-line options can also be influenced via configuration files. Configuration files are evaluated in CLI and RPC mode. It is important to know that configuration files are evaluated before the options set via CLI or RPC (except for the RPC configuration file). This means that whatever is configured in the configuration files will be overwritten by explicitly set values via CLI or RPC.
Configuration File Location
The default configuration files parsed by CRIU, if they are present on the system, are first
/etc/criu/default.conf and then
$HOME/.criu/default.conf. Settings in the file
/etc/criu/default.conf are overridden by settings in
$HOME/.criu/default.conf. CRIU also evaluates the configuration file specified via
Without any additional parameters CRIU configuration file parsing works like this:
/etc/criu/default.conf; these values can be overridden by
$HOME/.criu/default.conf; these values can be overridden by
CRIU_CONFIG_FILE; these values can be overridden by
--config FILENAME; these values can be overridden by
- CLI or RPC configuration options
- RPC configuration file (only in RPC mode)
The user can tell CRIU to completely ignore configuration files in one of the default locations (/etc or $HOME) with the
--no-default-config option. In this case the user can still tell CRIU to use a configuration file with the
--config FILENAME option. CRIU also honours the environment variable
CRIU_CONFIG_FILE just as
--config FILENAME option.
Configuration File Syntax
Comments are supported using the '#' character. The rest of the line is ignored. Options are the same as command line options without the '--' prefix, use one option per line (with corresponding argument if applicable, divided by whitespaces). If needed, the argument can be provided in double quotes (this should be needed only if the argument contains whitespaces). In case this type of argument contains a literal double quote as well, it can be escaped using the '\' character. Usage of commands is disallowed and all other escape sequences are interpreted literally.
Example of Configuration File
$ cat ~/.criu/default.conf tcp-established work-dir "/home/USERNAME/criu/my \"work\" directory" #this is a comment no-restore-sibling # this is another comment
Configuration Files in RPC Mode
As configuration file settings are overridden by CLI and RPC mode, there is a special RPC option which let's the RPC user define a configuration file that will overwrite all other configuration file or RPC settings. Using
"req.opts.config_file = '/path/to/file'" it is possible to provide such a configuration file that overwrites all other settings.
This can lead to undesired behavior of criu and should only be used carefully.